For Singaporeans, reaching 55 years old marks a major milestone from the perspective of personal financial planning.
At 55, you can withdraw a portion of your Central Provident Fund (CPF) savings.
Yes, finally after years of waiting, you can use the money locked up at CPF!
But hang on… before you start planning for your next holiday destination or researching for your second property…reaching 55 does not mean you can simply go to the CPF to withdraw any amount you want.
The CPF, Singapore’s pension scheme, has other plans for your funds.
First, you need to make sure that you have enough savings in your Special Account (SA) and Ordinary Account (OA) to make up the Minimum Sum (MS) of $155,000 in your newly set up Retirement Account (RA).
Up to 50% of the Minimum Sum (MS) can be accounted for with your property if you had used CPF savings to pay for your property. However, if you sell your property after 55, any amount drawn down from the CPF previously to purchase the property plus accrued interest will now have to go back to your CPF.
On top of that, there is still the Medisave Account which has a mandated Minimum sum of $43,500 which will have to be topped up before any funds are withdrawn.
This means that the Total Minimum sum is a whopping $198,500. (Minimum Sum (MS) + Medical Minimum Sum (MMS) = $155,000 + $43,500)
CPF Compulsory National Annuity Scheme – A Life Long Plan
Most of the funds in your RA will be for a compulsory national annuity scheme, also known as the CPF Life, that gives you a monthly payout when you reach 65 for as long as you live.
There are two plans:
a) CPF Life Standard Plan, which provides higher monthly payouts and lower bequests; and
b) CPF Life Basic Plan, which provides lower monthly payouts and higher bequests.
Under the CPF Life Standard Plan, the first instalment of your annuity premium of up to $77,500 (or half the MS) will be deducted from your RA.
And before you hit 65, the rest of your money in the RA will go into the second instalment of your annuity premium.
This means that basically all the money in your RA will go towards an annuity scheme under this CPF Life Standard plan, which happens to be the default plan if you do not select one.
Under the other plan – CPF Life Basic Plan, a small portion of about 10% of your RA savings will go into your first instalment and another portion will be made for the second instalment as you approach 65. The amount of annuity premium deducted depends on your age and gender.
Should you Buy a 2nd Property before 55 to protect your CPF money?
Many people have called us to enquire about buying a 2nd property using CPF as they are afraid that the money gets taken away into Retirement account. Also the flip-flops denials and admissions by the government regarding how they have used our CPF funds does nothing to sooth fears and worries about the CPF.
Scenario of Mr. Tan who is currently 54 years old – Evaluating buying a property
Owns a private property. This property can be used as pledge for up to 50% of Minimum Sum if required. However the property pledge is not automatic if you meet the Retirement Account (RA) minimum sum. (Note 10, Appendix 2)
Has the following savings in CPF: –
- Ordinary Account = $120,000
- Special Account = $55,000
- Medisave Account = $23,500
At 55 years old, a retirement account would be created. All the monies will be transferred from the Special Account (SA) into the Retirement account (RA) and top up of Medisave Account (MA). After this transfer his account situation will look like this: –
This scenario is where Property is used as a pledge (of up to 50% of the Minimum sum of $155,000).
- Retirement Account = $155,000
- ($77,500 from property pledge + 55,000 from SA + 22,500 from OA)
- Ordinary Account = $0
- ($120,000 – 22,500 (transferred to OA) – $20,000 to MA) – $77,500 Pay out to CPF member)
- Special Account = $0
- ($55,000 – $55,000 (transferred to RA) )
- Medisave Account = $43,500 (No Shortfall)
- $23,500 + $20,000 (From OA)
- CPF withdrawal amount = $77,500
However if you forgot to pledge your property upon reaching 55 years old, you can do so later (Note 10, Appendix 2). Without property as pledge: –
- Retirement Account = $155,000
- Ordinary Account = $0
- Special Account = $0
- Medisave Account = $38,500 (Medisave Minimum Sum is $43,500)
- Only $5000 withdrawal is possible. (Note 9, Appendix 1)
- Property unpledged.
With property unpledged, apart from the $5,000 that can be withdrawn at 55 years old. That means that between 55 and 65 years old, there is practically NO MONEY until you pledge your property. If you do pledge your property years later, the minimum sum may yet again rise leading to a decreased withdrawal.
For Mr. Tan who have pledged 1st property and are looking to buy 2nd Property
Many people who are now in their early 50s (before 55) and who has some CPF monies and who have already pledge their 1st property are approaching us to discuss using their CPF Ordinary account to buy another House. If they buy a 2nd house, they only needs to meet 50% of the Minimum Sum, which is $155,000 * 0.5 = $77,500. Anything (the sum of SA + OA) in excess of $77,500 can be used.
Then his Account will look like this: –
- CPF used for 2nd Property = $97,500
- $120,000 + $55,000 – $77,500 (1st property pledge)
- Ordinary Account = $22,500
- ($120,000 – $97,500 for 2nd property)
- Special Account = $55,000
- Medisave Account = $23,500 (Medisave Minimum Sum is $43,500)
“ C. USE OF CPF TO PURCHASE MULTIPLE PROPERTIES
If you already own a property bought with your CPF and wish to buy another property with CPF, you should take note that you may do so only after you have set aside half of the prevailing Minimum Sum in your Ordinary and Special Accounts. The maximum amount of CPF you and your co-owner(s) may use for your second and subsequent property is capped at its VL.
* The Minimum Sum changes every July. Please refer to the CPF website for information on the prevailing Minimum Sum.”
Mr. Tan, has $120,000 in (OA) and $55,000 in (SA). In other words, since he already has a Private property as pledge towards the Minimum sum of $155,000. He can use any sum of money in excess of $77,500 for his 2nd property purchase, provided that they are in the Ordinary account (OA).
- $120,000 + $55,000 – $77,500 = $97,500.
- Mr. Tan can use $97,500 for 2nd Property purchase.
If this money is used ahead of him turning 55, it does not go into the Retirement account. However buying a 2nd property has the following implications: –
- Additional buyer stamp duty of 7% (for 2nd Property), this is a whopping $70,000 of tax if property is $1m.
- His 1st Property is used as pledge and upon sale of the property, proceeds from sale will go into topping up CPF account used together with accrued interest.
- Reduced Loan-to-value of 50% (i.e. only 50% loan size and 50% downpayment) if 1st residential property has outstanding loan.
- Mr. Tan is already 54, hence the loan eligibility is lower as the TDSR criteria is tough. His low loan tenure will be short at 10 to 11 years tenure (max 65 years old for 80% loan). If he earns $10,000 fixed pay a month, he can only pass the TDSR if his loan amount is around $656,000. He will need another borrower to join him if he wants to buy a dearer property.
Issues you should consider
While a monthly payout in your old age sounds good, having a substantial portion of your savings being tied down for this compulsory annuity scheme raises a few issues worth considering.
- Am I better off reinvesting the money on my own?
- Will I live long enough to be able to use my hard earned money?
- What can I do now to better plan for myself financially?
- Should I downgrade to a smaller flat since funds received from the sale of property now goes into meeting the MS in my RA?
- Should I take the opportunity to buy another property now to use up my funds before all the money goes into my RA when I reach 55?
- Should I use my CPF to pay down my existing housing loan (if it is not paid up in full)?
- Should I trust the CPF with my money given the lack of transparency and the incessant raise of minimum sum which gives the impression that CPF do not want to return you your money.
Each individual’s needs and aspirations are different. And it helps if you think about these issues so as to prepare yourself for this major milestone.
Buying another residential property at 55 is a major decision, the repayment commitment is heavy given the short loan tenure, apart from that, you still have to do proper research to make sure you are not overpaying.
Kindly note, for any CPF matters, you have to make sure to check with CPF directly. And special thanks and credit goes to the Cpf staff for their quick and professional answers.
Suggestions for the Government
While the government’s plan to make everyone compulsorily save for retirement is legitimate, it is overdone and places undue strain on citizens. Structural income inequalities need to be sorted out. Given that GIC and Temasek may have made more returns ranging from 6 to 15% and then giving only 2.5% returns to Citizens, part of the inadequacy in retirement fund could be due to low returns from CPF. Hence the government could gracefully undertake and underwrite the healthcare shortfall of Singaporeans. This would ensure that Singaporeans live and age gracefully.
Read more articles at
1. CPF, https://www.cpf.gov.sg/cpf_trans/ssl/financial_model/wdl_cal2.asp
2. How is Singapore land supply managed,http://www.icompareloan.com/resources/how-is-singapore-land-supply-managed/
3. TDSR causes Home loan refinancing hardships,http://www.icompareloan.com/resources/tdsr-causes-home-loan-refinancing-hardships/
4. Summary of Property Regulations since 14 Sep 2009 till Aug 2013,http://www.icompareloan.com/resources/summary-of-property-regulations-since-14-sep-2009-till-aug-2013/
5. Summary of property regulations aug 2013 till feb 2014,http://www.icompareloan.com/resources/summary-of-property-regulations-aug-2013-till-feb-2014/
6. Press Release: A Stable housing market, better homes for all,
7. Recent 2 Years price transactions of HDBs,https://services2.hdb.gov.sg/webapp/BB33RTIS/BB33PReslTrans.jsp
8. New HDB OTP form,http://www.hdb.gov.sg/fi10/fi10321p.nsf/w/BuyResaleFlatOTP?OpenDocument
9. Appendix 1, Correspondences with CPF board, Is property used as pledge for Medisave account?
10. Appendix 2, Correspondences with CPF board, Is Property pledge Automatic upon reaching 55 years old?
Appendix 1: Correspondences with CPF board, Is property used as pledge for Medisave account?
—————————- Original Message —————————-
Subject: FW: CPF enquires
From: “CPF MEMBER (CPF)” <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, November 19, 2014 11:36 am
I refer to your email of 14 November 2014.
No, member’s property will not be used to pledge for his Medisave Minimum
Sum shortfall in his Medisave Account.
Property can only be used to pledge in lieu of his applicable Minimum Sum
in his Retirement Account.
I would be pleased to help you if you need clarification or further
assistance on CPF matters.
Alternatively, you can call us on 1800-227-1188 from Monday to Friday, 8am
to 5.30pm. Thank you.
Appendix 2: Correspondences with CPF board, Is Property pledge Automatic upon reaching 55 years old?
Thank you for your email of 14 November 2014.
In the case where the CPF member is able to meet the MS from this OA and SA, does that mean that his property is not used as pledge at age 55?
Yes, you are correct.
What if he decides to pledge his property at age 56, and qualifies up to $77,500 (assuming that this is 50% of Minimum sum), does this mean that he/she can then take $77,500 out as cash?
Yes, you are correct.”
“Dear Mr Ho
Thank you for your email of 13 November 2014.
1. The Minimum Sum property pledge is only applicable for members age 55 and above. The property pledge is not automatic unless a member is unable to set aside his Minimum Sum (MS) when he reach age 55. His property which is purchased using his CPF savings, is automatically pledged for the CPF amount that he has used for the property, up to the maximum property pledge amount under the CPF Minimum Sum Scheme.
2. Members need not apply for the property pledge at age 55 and may do so at a later age.
I would be glad to assist if you require further clarification. Alternatively, you can call us on 1800-227 1188 (Monday to Friday 8.00am to 5.30pm).
Customer Correspondence Unit
Central Provident Fund Board”
“From: Paul Ho Sent: Thursday, 13 November, 2014 10:59 AM To: CPF MEMBER (CPF) Cc: Jessica Pek Subject: Pledge of Property towards Minimum Sum (MS) before 55
Dear Sir, Madam,
I would like to check with you the following: –
1. Before 55, is the pledge of the property automatic?
2. If a CPF member did not submit (in case some submission is required) a form to announce his decision to pledge the property for minimum sum after 55. Can he still do so at age 56 or later so as to be able to withdraw those CPF?
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